Delhi is one of the old cities of the world and the national capital of India. The city is a historic land which was ruled by the Mughals and Pandavas for so many years. Now the city is a central location for the country’s government as well as law. This city is a combination of history and modern culture. Here you will find various ancient landmarks along with dazzling markets. The city is located on the bank of the holy river Yamuna.
Delhi is a city with buzzing vibes in its environment. The city is the second-largest metropolitan city in the world and the largest in the country. This city is divided into two parts old and new Delhi. However, the old city is the house of historical monuments as well as marketplaces. And the new parts are fascinated with metros, high-tech malls, restaurants and many more. A city is an important place in the country.
Facts about Delhi
- Delhi is an ancient city named after Raja Dillu, who built the city in the 1st century BCE.
- This city is ruled by the Mughals for more than three centuries till the 16th century.
- The fifth successor of the Mughal empire Shah Jahan built many monuments such as Red Fort, and Jama Masjid.
- He created a walled city in Delhi called Shahjahanabad, this part was the apex centre of the city.
- Red Fort was originally built with white limestone but British officials painted it red for maintaining its beauty.
- Connaught Place in Delhi has the most expensive office space in the country and holds the 9th place in the world.
- The city has Asia’s largest spice market and largest wholesale market of fruits as well as vegetables.
- This city hosts various unique museums of the country such as the Toilet Museum and Doll Museum.
Historic monuments of Delhi
Mughals have constructed many magnificent monuments in the city. These monuments have beautiful architecture on their walls. Moreover, some of the monuments here are listed as the wonders of the world.
- Red Fort :- This old monument was built by the fifth Mughal ruler Shah Jahan in 1631 for shifting his capital from Agra to Delhi. This is the place where Jawahar Lal Nehru delivered the midnight speech before the sunrise of independence. This fort is a World Heritage Site of UNESCO since 2007.
- Qutub Minar :- This is the must to visit the location of the city for witnessing the gigantic architecture here. It is the tallest minaret in the world with a height of 72 meters. This minaret was built by Qutub – Ud – Din – Aibak in 1192. This tall minaret is made of red sandstone and marble. The minaret is a part of the Qutub Complex and is a World Heritage Site listed in UNESCO.
- Jama Masjid :- This masjid is among the largest masjid’s in the country with extraordinary exteriors. This masjid was built by Shah Jahan between 1644 – 1656. It has four towers along with three gates. This place accommodates about 2500 people at a time. The major festival celebrated here is Eid. During this time the place hosts thousands of visitors a day.
- Humayun Tomb :- This place is the tomb of the great Mughal emperor Humayun who played a big role in shaping Indian history. It is a beautiful mausoleum surrounded by a Charbagh layout designed by two Persian architects. This mausoleum with constructed in 1570 under the supervision of Humayun’s beloved wife Bega Begum.
Attractions of the city
- Rashtrapati Bhawan :- This a dream of every Indian to visit once. This magnificent building is the residence of the President of India spread over an area of 130 Hectares. This place was once known as Viceroy’s House built between 1912 – 1929. It is a building with 320 rooms on 4 floors. This place has so many Mughal gardens, open areas, offices and many more.
- India Gate :- It was built in 1931 after World War II to honour the death of martyrs in the war. This gate is itself an honour for every Indian visiting this place. The gate looks beautiful in the evening with the lights. This place is also named the All India War Memorial.
- Lotus Temple :- It is a Bahai Temple constructed in the shape of a lotus flower. This is the most famous tourist spot in the city. This temple is for people of every religion as it does not signify any specific religion. It is a beautiful place surrounded by pools and flower gardens to its gateways. This is one of the world’s seven major Bahai temples.
- Akshardham Temple :- This magnificent temple in Delhi has its own charm. As it has been listed as its name in the Guinness Book of World records for astonishing architecture. The temple has peace as well as divinity in its environment. Its light and sound show in the evening is not to miss a thing here.
Food of Delhi
Delhi is the capital of the country as well as the capital of delicious street food. The city has the tastiest street food in the country. Here you can taste the food of different regions of India with new and tangy flavours. The famous food of the city is Chole Bhature, Golgappe, Biryani, Parathas, and the list goes on and on. You cannot love only the food but the drinks here are also very delicious.
This huge city has so many kinds of food items from veg. to non-veg., available at different locations. If you want to taste the lip-smacking taste of food here then you must visit the specific locations for that. Such as Chandni Chowk, Connaught Palace, Karol Bagh, Lajpat Nagar Market, and many more.
Hence, Delhi is the heart of India with historic values and modern styles. This city is the major and the most important part of the country. This city has a wide area along with the responsibility for the country’s rules and regulations. However, the city is also the law capital as all the major courts of the country are situated here only. Therefore, you can say that Delhi is the pride of the nation and its people.
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